The Importance of Wisdom Tooth Extraction
Dental care works hard to sustain the life of an adult tooth for as long as possible. These efforts are inclusive of wisdom teeth. In a situation where tooth extraction is advocated for at Enfield Family Dental, there must be a reason. It is not every day that a dentist will recommend a tooth extraction. Understanding why this treatment measure is needed is necessary to help you go through with the process.
What is Tooth Extraction?
It is the process of forcefully removing a tooth from its root. It is performed by a dentist or an oral surgeon. However, it is not a common practice, since the idea of dentistry is to salvage as many natural teeth as possible. One of the most common types of teeth to be extracted in dentistry is the wisdom tooth.
Wisdom teeth are the third type of molars and are four in number. They are the last set of teeth to grow in the human mouth. They grow at the far ends of the arcs of the mouth. Usually, your wisdom teeth should start growing between the ages of 16 and 25 years. While they are important, your dentist can suggest removing them.
Why Should Your Wisdom Tooth Be Extracted?
Even though the wisdom teeth are the last set of teeth to grow, they are still important. They offer more chewing surface for better eating. For them to be removed, therefore, there must be an important reason why. Some of the circumstances that dictate the removal of wisdom teeth include:
- Impacted wisdom teeth – this is not uncommon. Impacted wisdom teeth removal is necessary to help reduce discomfort for the patient. Usually, an impacted wisdom tooth features a tooth that has been limited from growing as it should. The limitation can be caused by other teeth creating a barrier. In other cases, it could be poor positioning and direction of growth, causing it to get stuck underneath the gum tissue. Such a tooth makes it difficult to chew on the back teeth. It also damages the gum tissue of the back of your mouth.
- Overlapping third molars – another cause for wisdom teeth removal is the overlapping nature. Sometimes a wisdom tooth grows in the wrong direction. It ends up putting pressure on the adjacent teeth. It not only makes it difficult to use the wisdom teeth for chewing but can also make it hard to use the rest of your molars. Besides, it gets very difficult to clean the back teeth when they are overlapped.
- For orthodontics – in the course of realigning teeth, a dentist might need to remove your wisdom teeth. The idea is to create more room for the rest of the teeth. This is one way to avoid crowding of the teeth if the jawbone space is limited.
- Decayed teeth – since the wisdom teeth are at the far back of your mouth, getting to them for oral cleaning is not easy. This, therefore, can lead to plaque build-up. In time, it manifests in dental decay, which is more uncomfortable when it happens on wisdom teeth.
- Gum disease – depending on how poorly the wisdom teeth are sitting on your mouth, they expose you to the risk of gum disease. Given as proper dental cleaning will be difficult, the gum tissue in that area can succumb to infection when plaque builds up.
How Do You Know You Need Your Wisdom Teeth Removed?
Figuring out when you need a wisdom teeth surgery is not entirely up to you. Your dentist will take a look at your teeth to determine the best course of action. However, some symptoms can let you know that you have problematic wisdom teeth. Some of them are as follows:
- Pain when chewing – it comprises jaw pain as well as pain in your gum tissue.
- Bad breath that won’t go away – regardless of how well you brush your teeth, you still suffer bad breath. This can also be accompanied by an unpleasant taste in your mouth, rooting from the back area.
- Swelling – the far back of your mouth will often feel swollen when the wisdom teeth are impacted.
- Bleeding gums – the tenderness of that site can cause your gums to bleed.